Hybrid Finite Element Boundary Integral Method - White Paper

With recent improvements in the efficiency of integral equation solutions it is now possible to combine the integral equation procedure with the finite element method (FEM) in a hybrid Finite Element Boundary Integral approach (FEBI) [1]. In electromagnetics the FEM is a general purpose technique that solves for volumetric electric fields and can be used to accurately characterize microwave components, antennas and signal integrity issues [2, 3].