ABAQUS Interface
 

Solver Abaqus
Type of mesh unstructured mesh
Dimension 2D and 3D

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This interface writes coordinate, connectivity, boundary condition and property information in the ABAQUS input deck format (version 6.2). The following ABAQUS keywords are available within this interface in the following order of appearance:

Following elements type and properties can be applied:
Then for the general section and each step:
Components in the first grouping only appear in the top general section of the ABAQUS input deck. The user can specify a step number for the components in the second grouping above. These can appear in the general section and/or in a subsequent step in the ABAQUS input deck.

Creating the ABAQUS Input File

The translator writes the ABAQUS Neutral File using the following files:
To create the ABAQUS input file, select the following menu entries from the Graphical User Interface:
Options for the ABAQUS interface:
The successful execution of the interface generates the ABAQUS input file located in the project directory.

Note: If user says Ignore Elements (Node/Bar/Shell) as yes, no elements of that type would be written to the input deck. Boundary conditions applied to families having ignored elements won't be written.

Defining boundary conditions for ABAQUS

The boundary conditions and properties are defined using the "Bound. Cond." menu. The following sections explain how to define properties and boundary conditions for the ABAQUS interface.


Node Definition:
Nodes appear in the ABAQUS input deck without any special attention from the user.

Element Definition (*ELEMENT, TYPE=):

Elements are written to the ABAQUS input file only if this boundary condition is applied. This BC allows the user to specify the element type. If this BC is not defined, elements are not written to the ABAQUS input deck.

Following element types are supported.

Applicable Element type boundary conditions:

Volume Elements Shell Elements Bar Elements
1.  3-D Solid Elements
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

1. 2-D Solid Elements.
2. Axisymmetric Solid Elements.
3. Membrane Elements.
4. 3-D Shell Elements
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1. 1-D Solid Elements.
2. Axisymmetric Membrane Elements.
3. Truss Elements.
4. Beam Elements.
5. Frame Elements.
6. Elbow Elements.
7.  Axisymmetric Shell Elements.
8.  Connector Elements.
9.  Dashpot Elements. 
10.  Elbow Elements. 
11.  Rigid Elements. 
12 . Spring Elements. 

Select appropriate element type for the selected family depending upon type of element it contains.

Note: Only first element type applied to each family will be considered for Abaqus translations. Other element types would be ignored.

Element Sets (*ELSET):

User can create elements set of any family using *ELSET command if the element type bc had been already applied for that family.
  Format: *ELSET  ELSET="name of the family"

Node Sets (*NSET):

Node set would be written automatically for each family. Name of each node set would be family name followed by "_NSET".

Whenever any node based boundary condition is applied to any family, it will be applied to this node set.

Surface (*SURFACE):

Under this there are two type of Surface definition.

A.  Surface from SHELL elements:

Define *SURFACE boundary condition by specifying surface name and face number. It will be written in the general section of input deck.

Enter the following parameters

1.Enter surface name

2.Enter face number.

B. Surface from Solid Elements:

Define "Surface Definition on Solid elements" boundary condition by specifying surface name and  name of the overlaying surface family to solid elements. Using
this option even one can define internal surfaces.

Enter the following parameters
 
                    1.    Enter Surface Name
 
                    2.   Enter Surface family name which is overlaying to solid Elements.
 

 

Node Displacements (*BOUNDARY):

If a positive integer is entered for the step number, the boundary condition appears inside a step definition corresponding to the step number entered.

In 2D, node displacements and temperatures can be defined on faces, edges and vertices, and in 3D, on blocks, faces, edges and vertices. Select an entity then set the following entries:

1.                 Enter Step Number.
2.                 Select Degree of Freedom.
3.                 Enter Displacement value.
 
       The valid degree of freedom labels are:
             UX, UY, UZ        Translation in X, Y, Z
             RX, RY, RZ        Rotation about X, Y, Z
             PINNE             All translations
             ENCAS             All degrees of freedom
             XSYMM             Symmetry about a plane X=constant
             YSYMM             Symmetry about a plane Y=constant
             ZSYMM             Symmetry about a plane Z=constant
             XASYM             Anti-Symmetry about a plane X=constant
             YASYM             Anti-Symmetry about a plane Y=constant
             ZASYM             Anti-Symmetry about a plane Z=constant
 
In order to set node displacements for several degrees of freedom for a same entity, repeat the procedure described above for all constrained degrees of freedom. The displacement value is only accepted for degree of freedom labels UX, UY, UZ, RX, RY, and RZ. All other options impose displacements of zero to the relevant degrees of freedom.
Repeat this procedure for all entities which require node displacements definition. Note that node displacements defined on faces overwrite those defined on blocks, node displacements defined on edges overwrite those defined on faces and node displacements defined on vertices overwrite those defined on edges.
The information entered here appears in the ABAQUS input deck under the "*BOUNDARY" card, either in the general section if an ABAQUS step of 0 is defined, or under the relevant step card. If defined for step 0, only fixed boundary conditions (ex. displacement = 0) should be defined in keeping with ABAQUS format. The user is required to ensure that this criterion is met.
 
Node Temperatures (*TEMPERATURE):
 
In 2D, node temperatures can be defined on faces, edges and vertices, and in 3D, on blocks, faces, edges and vertices. Select an entity then set the following entries:
1.                 Enter Step Number:
2.                 Enter Temperature Value:
 
Repeat the above procedure for all entities where you need to define the nodal temperature. Note that node temperatures defined on faces overwrite those defined on blocks, node temperatures defined on edges overwrite those defined on faces and node temperatures defined on vertices overwrite those defined on edges (when they share common nodes).
The node temperatures are written in the ABAQUS input file within the defined step under the keyword "*TEMPERATURE".
If the step is not specified as a positive integer, this information is written in the general section of the ABAQUS input deck.
 
Distributed Loads (*DLOAD):
 
The distributed loads (DLOAD) and concentrated loads (CLOAD) should have an ABAQUS step number associated with them. If the step is not defined, this information is written in the general section of the ABAQUS input deck, but should be moved within a "*STEP / *END STEP" pairing prior to starting ABAQUS.
Select a block or boundary face for a 3D model, or a face for a 2D model (loads on edge entities and vertices should be applied with the *CLOAD option defined below), then set the following entries:
1.                 Enter Step Number.
2.                 Select DLOAD type.
3.                 Enter Face number(only for HPnPnPnNU).
4.                 Enter Load Magnitude.
5.                 Enter Param1 - Param6.(depending upon parameters for selected DLOAD type)
        
The load types can be found in chapter 3 of the ABAQUS/Standard User's Manual. Usually, distributed loads are applied to faces of elements. ABAQUS needs to know the magnitude of the load (a single scalar value) and to which face the load is applied.
Repeat this procedure for all entities where you wish to define a distributed load. The non-zero load components are written in the sections "*DLOAD" of the ABAQUS input deck where they are linked to the element numbers.
 
Concentrated Loads (*CLOAD):
 
In 2D or in 3D select a face, edge, or vertex. Then set the following entries:
Repeat this procedure for all entities which require a node force boundary condition. Note that each defined "*CLOAD" card appears separately in the ABAQUS input deck.
The non-zero load components are written to the ABAQUS input file where they are applied to the node numbers. Care should be taken when applying concentrated loads because they are additive within a given ABAQUS step. If the user does not define a positive ABAQUS step number, this information appears in the general section of the ABAQUS input deck and should be moved to a relevant step prior to starting ABAQUS.
 
Distributed Fluxes (*DFLUX):
 
Select a domain or boundary subface for a 3D model, or asubface for a 2D model (fluxes on edge entities should be applied with the *CFLUX option defined below). Then set the following entries:
        1. Enter Step Number.
        2. Select Flux Type.
        3. Enter face number(only if flux type is Sn/SnNU).
        4. Select Surface(top/bottom) for shells(only for flux type Sn/SnNU).
        5. Enter Flux Magnitude.
 
* The flux type can be found in chapter 3 of the ABAQUS/Standard User's Manual. Usually, DFLUXes are applied to faces of elements, and ABAQUS needs to know the magnitude (a single scalar value) of the flux, and to which face the load will be applied.
 
Concentrated Fluxes (*CFLUX):
 
In 2D or in 3D select a subface, or an edge. Then set the following entries:
1.                       Enter Step Number.
2.                       Enter Flux Magnitude.
3.                       Enter Degree of Freedom.
 
Repeat this procedure for all entities which require a node flux boundary condition. Note that each defined CFLUX card will appear separately in the ABAQUS input deck.
The non-zero flux components are written to the Abaqus input file where they are applied to the node numbers. Care should be taken when applying CFLUXes, because the loads are additive within a given ABAQUS STEP. If the user does not define a non-zero ABAQUS step number, this information will appear in the general section of the ABAQUS input deck and should be moved to a relevant step prior to starting ABAQUS.
 
Film Coefficients and Associated Sink Temperatures (*FILM):
 
This option is used to provide film coefficients and sink temperatures for heat transfer and coupled temperature-displacement analyses.
To apply the FILM condition, select a block or boundary face for a 3D model, or a face for a 2D model then set the following entries:
1.Enter Step Number.
2.Select Film Type.
3.Enter Face number.

4.Select Face (top/bottom) for Shell Elements.

5.Enter Sink Temperature.

6.Enter Film Coefficient.

Repeat this procedure for all entities where you wish to define a FILM condition. The non-zero FILM conditions are written in the sections "*FILM" of the ABAQUS input deck where they are linked to the element numbers.
 
 
 
 

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