Using Computational Modeling in the Development and Design of Alternative Powertrain Vehicles
Today's motor vehicles using conventional fuel contribute substantially to air pollution and climate change. As such, we can expect that emission standards will continue to get progressively tighter in order to protect human health and the environment. Additionally, the number of vehicles produced annually has been growing steadily over the past few decades and the worldwide fleet will only increase in years to come. Given the current transportation sector’s heavy dependence on petroleum fuel, the worldwide demand for oil to propel all of these vehicles is expected to surge. In the U.S., 97 percent of the total fuel consumed by the transportation sector is petroleumbased, more than half of which is imported. With two out of every three people now concerned about climate change and governments concerned with the economic and political implications of volatile oil prices, new alternative powertrain technologies are needed to deliver zero, or near zero, emissions and improved fuel economy. Simulation software designed to optimize product development processes can play a valuable role in identifying cleaner, more fuel-efficient powertrain alternatives.